Aneirin

Aneirin
(6th century)
   This Welsh bard was the son of Caw ab Geraint, lord of Cwm Cawlwyd, a chief of the Otadini or Gododin, a tribe occupying the sea coast south of the Firth of Forth, Scotland, lying between the walls of Septimius Severus and Antoninus Pius. Aneirin appears to have been educated at St. Cadoc's College at Llancarvan, Glamorganshire, and afterwards to have entered the bardic order. He wrote the Book of Aneirin, containing a long poem called "Y Gododdin," which concerns the ill-fated expedition of the Britons to recapture the fortress at Catraeth (CattAnsteyerick, Yorkshire) from the Saxons in 603, from which battle he fled, and for a short time was a prisoner. The poem-a series of odes to the heroism of various participants in the siege-describes the hardships he underwent when in captivity. The work served as a model for later Welsh poets and exerted great influence on early Romantic poetry. Parts of the Gododdin: "Men went to Gododdin, laughterloving / to Cattraeth's vale in glitt'ring row / Youth / Lord of Gododdin will be praised in song / When a crowd of cares."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. Microsoft Encarta 2006 (DVD). Microsoft Corporation, 2006. The Book of Aneurin (with English translation) (http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/aindex.html). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry. Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Book of Welsh Verse in English. Gwyn Jones, ed. Oxford University Press, 1977. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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